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Helena ([personal profile] orchidfire) wrote in [community profile] linguaphiles2009-06-14 11:06 pm
Entry tags:

Orange

What is the word for the color "orange" in the languages that you know? And for the fruit "orange"?
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[personal profile] pne 2009-06-14 04:46 pm (UTC)(link)
German: "orange" (/o'rantS/) - colour; "Orange" (/o'randZ@/) - fruit.

Modern Greek: πορτοκαλί - colour; πορτοκάλι - fruit.

Interesting that both those languages use the same (basic) spelling for both words, *but different pronunciations*.

(Though German can be the same in inflected forms; for example, in "eine orange Orange" 'an orange orange', I'd pronounce both words the same.)
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[personal profile] magpyr 2009-06-14 04:54 pm (UTC)(link)
Farsi

Fruit: پرتقال (porteghal) color: نارنجی (närenji)

Literally, narenji means "like narenj (sour orange)."

Korean

Fruit: 오렌지 (orenji) color: 주황색 (chuhuangsek) (색 means color)

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[personal profile] clare_dragonfly 2009-06-14 05:52 pm (UTC)(link)
Spanish:
fruit: naranja
color: anaranjada

Welsh: both are the same, "oren."
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[personal profile] oconel 2009-06-14 09:01 pm (UTC)(link)
color: naranja (at least in Spain) (anaranjado means "of an orange colour")
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[personal profile] clare_dragonfly 2009-06-14 09:05 pm (UTC)(link)
You know, I was wondering about that. Of course "anaranjado" would be the adjective. I wonder if there's a distinction in any other language?
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[personal profile] superluminal 2009-06-14 07:35 pm (UTC)(link)

Esperanto:

  • fruit: oranĝo
  • color: oranĝa or oranĝkolora
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[personal profile] nerakrose 2009-06-14 07:37 pm (UTC)(link)
icelandic:
-colour: appelsínugulur (gulur = yellow, so it's a compound word)
-fruit: appelsína


danish:
-colour: orange (pronounced differently from english)
-fruit: appelsin

finnish:
-colour: oranssi
-fruit: appelsiini
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[personal profile] holyschist 2009-07-08 08:22 pm (UTC)(link)
Huh, the fruit is апельсин (apelsin) in Russian--I wouldn't have expected that.
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[personal profile] wonder 2009-06-14 08:17 pm (UTC)(link)
Japanese:
Color - オレンジ色 orenji-iro (iro being color)
Fruit - 橙・だいだい daidai (bitter orange); 蜜柑・みかん mikan (mandarin orange/tangerine thing)

idk what a normal sweet orange is, probably just orenji. somebody else probably knows more about this than me orz
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[personal profile] franzeska 2009-06-19 02:43 pm (UTC)(link)
A navel orange type orange is also 'orenji', unsurprisingly. I'm sure there are plenty of other native names for local citrus.
wonder: (Default)

[personal profile] wonder 2009-06-19 06:08 pm (UTC)(link)
Yeah, there's all sorts of weird hybrids and imported fruit, too. I tried looking at Wikipedia for more info and wow.
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[personal profile] horusporus 2009-06-15 02:32 am (UTC)(link)
For Malay, both is 'oren', though to be specific, 'buah oren' is the fruit. There's actually another word for the colour: 'jingga', which is used interchangeably in common speech.

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[personal profile] second 2009-06-15 06:28 am (UTC)(link)
In French, both are "Orange".

And now, looking at the word 'orange', doesn't it look funny? It's one of those words that always look misspelled.
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[personal profile] hyperbole 2009-06-15 09:11 am (UTC)(link)
Swedish:
Colour - orange
Fruit - apelsin

Orange-the-colour is most Swedish language users' worst nightmare. It's just as stupid as beige and ... some others in that they don't have any obvious conjugations. I always attempt to avoid using it, because otherwise someone who has different standards than I do might think I'm stupid.

[personal profile] ex_heracles30 2009-06-15 11:10 am (UTC)(link)
In Arabic, the fruit is برتقال, and the color (which is derived from the name of the fruit) is برتقالي.

[personal profile] ex_heracles30 2009-06-15 02:13 pm (UTC)(link)
Oh sure, sorry about that. I always get a little confused on transcribing, but the orange (fruit) sounds like burtuqal, and the color is burtuquali, or if you're describing an object with a feminine ending, it's burtuqualiya.
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[personal profile] patupaiarehe 2009-06-15 12:39 pm (UTC)(link)
In Italian: arancia is the fruit and arancione is the colour.
naive: (let me tell you!)

[personal profile] naive 2009-06-15 02:43 pm (UTC)(link)
Norwegian:

Orange (fruit) - appelsin
Orange (color) - oransje

I can't find the transcription, but I do know that the word appelsin comes from the German Apfelsine which means Chinese apple.
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[personal profile] absque_setentia 2009-06-18 07:36 pm (UTC)(link)
Oh THAT'S where it comes from! I've been wondering where Scandinavia and Germany got that word. :-)
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[personal profile] fascination 2009-06-16 01:10 am (UTC)(link)
A language others haven't mentioned:
Romanian - portocaliu, at least for the colour. (I'm cheating a bit, as I only know a little Romanian, but enough for that.)
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[personal profile] kaizoku 2010-10-24 06:12 pm (UTC)(link)
In Dutch, the fruit is sinaasappel (lit. China's apple according to http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sinaasappel). I think the color is oranje.
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[personal profile] coldlikedeath 2010-12-17 11:52 pm (UTC)(link)
Danish:

colour: orange (pronounced differently from english)
fruit: appelsin

Finnish:
-colour: oranssi
-fruit: appelsiini

Someone's already mentioned Norwegian.

Irish: oráiste

Polish: pomarańcza (fruit), pomarańczowy (colour)

Russian: апельсин (apel'sin- fruit) and оранжевый (oranzhevij- colour)
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[personal profile] katkaminion 2011-08-11 11:45 am (UTC)(link)
Wow this comes in late, but hey, I guess I might as well, since nobody did this one.

Portuguese

Fruit: laranja
Color: laranja


They have the same pronunciation, too.